“What do you do when you manage someone who is unmotivatable?”
I was asked this question by Tim, a senior manager on a Talking Ape workshop on High Performing Teams. He described his direct report, Sean, a 58 yr old, IT software engineer as “angry with me, the company and life in general.” He talked about Sean having good specialist skills but was surly and coasting towards his pension. “I’ve given up on him. He’s unmotivatable.”
Listening to Tim I felt a little sad. Perhaps we’ve all been in Sean’s situation and know what we needed in that moment. I sense lots of leaders are very poor at motivating staff partly because it’s such a complex skill involving human emotions but also because they develop a counter-productive, dislike towards the person.
A key researcher in this area was Nigel Nicholson at the London Business School. He wrote, “You can’t motivate these people only they can motivate themselves. All you can hope for is to create the circumstances to trigger their inherent motivation, their natural commitment and drive that they’ve lost and needs to be freed and aimed at something.”
Creating those circumstances is quite a challenge as it’s about removing barriers and, after all, you might just be one of those barriers.
Prof Nicholson developed a model that I’ve adapted here.
Step 1. Listen, ask and understand:
Rather than take Sean through costly formal performance review, the first stage is to signal your positive intention and spend some time with him (preferably over lunch) and really understand what it’s like to sit in his shoes. You need to create time for this as a demotivated Sean can be hugely costly. What drives him? When was he last motivated? Find how his expectations and desires have been molded by past experiences. You also have to understand how he sees you too.
Stage 2. Make a diagnosis and reframe his goals. Perhaps you’ll find that Sean feels left out, ignored and passed over. A succession of much younger bosses were intimidated by his knowledge. He slightly despairs at the modern world and he has a sense of hidden sense of failure. It’s time to look at Sean differently. How can you get the best out of him? How can you use his knowledge better? This is not capitulation but you need an outcome Sean will get behind and you need an environment that Sean realized he is valued and trusted.
Stage 3. Plan the encounter.
Hold the meeting on neutral ground, (it may take several) and explain it’s not a formal proceeding. Steel yourself for this encounter which could be difficult. You need to find the right balance between strength and warmth.
- Start by affirmation assertion. You affirm Sean’s past and future value to the organization, admit where he may not have been treated well and express your desire to understand him and for a mutually beneficial outcome.
- Now honestly describe your diagnosis as it looks to you based upon facts that you’ve observed. Keep it specific to what you actually saw and the impact on you and the team. (“The honest truth is that I’m not happy and my sense is that you aren’t either. I’ve noticed that in the team meetings you seem angry, that you can bring a negative energy to meetings and that you often seem scathing of the organization. I don’t like the way you talk to me and I realize you feel the same way.”)
- Talk about things having to change but include him in the discussion (“I’d like to get your input as how we can change your role and find new ways of working together.”)
- Ask questions. Test your hypothesis. Find out what it is that Sean needs (challenge, authority, respect, recognition.) Put your finger on the root cause of his destructive emotions (feeling a failure, being let down or despair at modern business culture.)
Stage 6. Offer a resolution not a solution
Summarize what’s been happening to him and recognition of his talents offer something that helps him. A chance to train others, a new better-defined role. One of the key aspects of high performing team is that palpable sense of open and honest communication and people having clarity on expectations. It’s also about people having more control over their role. What does Sean see himself doing? Many resolutions do not require changes of job title, it’s more that you have rebuilt respect and trust and a desire for things to work better. The major resolution is that you as a leader will have shown a desire to help motivate a staff and that sends a strong message about your leadership to Sean and to the team. Nobody is unmotivatable.